The world Cup FIFA in Russia™ | Host city of the Saint Petersburg
Биография Валерий Климов
Липецкая область — Lipetsk Oblast is a federal subject of Russia. Its administrative center is the city of Lipetsk, as of the Census, its population was 1,, Lipetsk Oblast borders with Ryazan Oblast, Tambov Oblast, Voronezh Oblast, Kursk Oblast, Oryol Oblast, according to archaeologists and historians, the territory in which for the time being is the Lipetsk Oblast was inhabited since ancient times.
Earth Lipetsk Oblast at the beginning of the period belonged to the disintegration of the Chernigov principality, after , after the death of Chernigov Prince Igor Svyatoslavich Yelets arose, Lipetsk and Vorgolskoe fiefdoms. Taking advantage of the weakness of the principality of Chernigov, Ryazan princes seized all the lands of the upper Don, Voronezh River, for the newly acquired territories in the south of the Ryazan principality subsequently established name Ryazan Ukraine. The revival of the territory began after the expulsion of the nomads, in a relatively short period of time were built fortified city, Duncan Talitskii jail, Eletskaya fortress Lebedian.
In , construction began on a fortified line - Belgorod defense line. Near the plants have populations of workers, one of these settlements was working Lipetsk settlement that gave rise to the city of Lipetsk.
At this time, because of the creation of the Navy, so begins to actively develop agriculture. In the 18th century the growth of large landed estates. Lipetsk region, rich black earth, was the breadbasket of the state, subsequently, he became widely known as a resort and mineral waters.
The Legislative Assembly of Lipetsk Oblast is the provinces standing legislative body, the Legislative Assembly exercises its authority by passing laws, resolutions, and other legal acts and by supervising the implementation and observance of the laws and other legal acts passed by it. Since , the Governor is Oleg Korolyov, the most important industrial branches are the iron processing and the mechanical engineering. The most industrialized cities are Lipetsk, the center.
The regions fuel and energy complex is represented by petroleum product marketing companies, a network of gas pipelines 2. Наша родина — Russia, also officially the Russian Federation, is a country in Eurasia. The European western part of the country is more populated and urbanised than the eastern. Russias capital Moscow is one of the largest cities in the world, other urban centers include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg, Nizhny Novgorod.
Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a range of environments. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk, the East Slavs emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, in it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium.
Rus ultimately disintegrated into a number of states, most of the Rus lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion. The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century, including the worlds first human-made satellite and the launching of the first humans in space. By the end of , the Soviet Union had the second largest economy, largest standing military in the world. It is governed as a federal semi-presidential republic, the Russian economy ranks as the twelfth largest by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity in Russias extensive mineral and energy resources are the largest such reserves in the world, making it one of the producers of oil.
The country is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction, Russia is a great power as well as a regional power and has been characterised as a potential superpower. The name Russia is derived from Rus, a state populated mostly by the East Slavs. However, this name became more prominent in the later history, and the country typically was called by its inhabitants Российская Земля.
In order to distinguish this state from other states derived from it, it is denoted as Kievan Rus by modern historiography, an old Latin version of the name Rus was Ruthenia, mostly applied to the western and southern regions of Rus that were adjacent to Catholic Europe. The current name of the country, Наша родина, comes from the Byzantine Greek designation of the Kievan Rus, the standard way to refer to citizens of Russia is Russians in English and rossiyane in Russian.
There are two Russian words which are translated into English as Russians 3. Килограмм — The kilogram or kilogramme is the base unit of mass in the International System of Units and is defined as being equal to the mass of the International Prototype of the Kilogram. The avoirdupois pound, used in both the imperial and US customary systems, is defined as exactly 0.
The final kilogram, manufactured as a prototype in and from which the IPK was derived in , had an equal to the mass of 1 dm3 of water at its maximum density. The kilogram is the only SI base unit with an SI prefix as part of its name and it is also the only SI unit that is still directly defined by an artifact rather than a fundamental physical property that can be reproduced in different laboratories.
Three other base units and 17 derived units in the SI system are defined relative to the kilogram, only 8 other units do not require the kilogram in their definition, temperature, time and frequency, length, and angle. At its meeting, the CGPM agreed in principle that the kilogram should be redefined in terms of the Planck constant, the decision was originally deferred until , in it was deferred again until the next meeting.
There are currently several different proposals for the redefinition, these are described in the Proposed Future Definitions section below, the International Prototype Kilogram is rarely used or handled. In the decree of , the term gramme thus replaced gravet, the French spelling was adopted in the United Kingdom when the word was used for the first time in English in , with the spelling kilogram being adopted in the United States.
In the United Kingdom both spellings are used, with kilogram having become by far the more common, UK law regulating the units to be used when trading by weight or measure does not prevent the use of either spelling. In the 19th century the French word kilo, a shortening of kilogramme, was imported into the English language where it has used to mean both kilogram and kilometer.
This led to the launch of SI in and the subsequent publication of the SI Brochure, the kilogram is a unit of mass, a property which corresponds to the common perception of how heavy an object is.
Mass is a property, that is, it is related to the tendency of an object at rest to remain at rest, or if in motion to remain in motion at a constant velocity. Accordingly, for astronauts in microgravity, no effort is required to hold objects off the cabin floor, they are weightless.
However, since objects in microgravity still retain their mass and inertia, the ratio of the force of gravity on the two objects, measured by the scale, is equal to the ratio of their masses.
On April 7,, the gram was decreed in France to be the weight of a volume of pure water equal to the cube of the hundredth part of the metre 4. Полузащитник футбол — A midfielder is an association football position. Midfielders are generally positioned on the field between their teams defenders and forwards, some midfielders play a disciplined defensive role, breaking up attacks, and are otherwise known as defensive midfielders.
Others blur the boundaries, being mobile and efficient in passing, they are commonly referred to as deep-lying midfielders, play-makers, box-to-box. The number of midfielders on a team and their assigned roles depends on the teams formation, most managers assign at least one midfielder to disrupt the opposing teams attacks, while others may be tasked with creating goals, or have equal responsibilities between attack and defence.
Midfielders are the players who typically travel the greatest distance during a match, central or centre midfielders are players whose role is divided roughly equally between attack and defence. When the opposing team has the ball, a midfielder may drop back to protect the goal or move forward. The term box-to-box midfielder refers to central midfielders who have abilities and are skilled at both defending and attacking.
These players can track back to their own box to make tackles and block shots. A good box-to-box midfielder needs good passing, vision, control, stamina, tackling and marking in defence, left and right midfielders have a role balanced between attack and defence, similar to that of central midfielders, but they are positioned closer to the touchlines of the pitch.
They may be asked to cross the ball into the penalty area to make scoring chances for their teammates. Defensive midfielders are players who focus on protecting their teams goal.
These players may defend a zone in front of their teams defence, defensive midfielders may also move to the full-back or centre-back positions if those players move forward to join in an attack. Sergio Busquets described his attitude, The coach knows that I am an obedient player who likes to help out and if I have to run to the wing to cover someones position, great. A good defensive midfielder needs good positional awareness, anticipation of play, marking, tackling, interceptions, passing and great stamina.
A holding or deep-lying midfielder stays close to their teams defence, a player in this role will try to protect their goal by disrupting the opponents attacking moves and stopping long shots on the goal. The holding midfielder may also have responsibilities when their team has the ball and this player will make mostly short and simple passes to more attacking members of their team but may try some more difficult passes depending on the teams strategy 5.
Балтика футбольный клуб — Baltika is an association football club based in Kaliningrad, Russia. The best result was achieved in , when Baltika won the group tournament.
In Baltika entered the Russian Second Division and won the regional tournament, after fourth-place finish in and third position in Baltika won the division in In Baltika achieved the best result in history, finishing 7th in the Top Division.
Baltika were relegated in , spending a total of three seasons in the top flight, in Baltika participated in the Intertoto Cup and reached the third round. Since then, Baltika played in the First Division, except and seasons spent in the Second Division, as of 24 February , according to the official FNL website.
Baltikas reserve team played professionally in the Russian Third League in as FC Baltika-d Kaliningrad, had international caps for their respective countries. Players whose name is listed in bold represented their countries while playing for Baltika 6.
Torpedo Moscow — when they one of the founding members of the Soviet B League. They played in the Moscow League until when they one of the founder members of the Soviet B League. In , they were promoted to the A League, Torpedo have won the National League Championship on three occasions, and have lifted the National Cup seven times.
In the —13 season, Torpedo barely avoided relegation to the second division, at the end of the championship was again replaced head coach - instead Ignatiev came year-old Vladimir Kazakov, in due time played in Torpedo. Were acquired several players with experience of playing at the highest level, however, in the first 6 matches, black-white were able earn only two points, Kazakov took the blame and resigned.
On 5 September , a team led by A. Borodyuk began to more competitive, ultimately placing third in the —14 season. The team drew the previous years 14th-placed Premier League team, Krylia Sovetov Samara, in a game held on 18 May at the stadium in suburban Ramenskoye, which ended 2—0 for Torpedo.
On 22 May, in the second leg at Metallurg Stadium in Samara, Torpedo played to a draw, thus prevailing on aggregate. The —15 season began poorly for Torpedo in the top division, in the first matchday, at the end of the season, the team was relegated back to the Russian Football National League after finishing second-last, in 15th.
Due to a lack of financing, however, Torpedo could only receive licensing for play in the third-tier Russian Professional Football League for —16 season, the fans of Torpedo are twinned with the fans of Spartak Moscow 7.
Липецкая область — Lipetsk Oblast is a federal subject of Russia.
Москва футбольный клуб — This article refers to the Moscow government team formed in Moscows best result in Russian Premier League was a 4th position in , in February the club withdrew from the Premier League after their owner and main sponsor, MMC Norilsk Nickel, withdrew funding.
Their place in the league was taken by Alania Vladikavkaz, subsequently FC Moscow folded, ceasing to exist as a professional football club. They played in in the level of the Russian football pyramid, the Amateur Football League. Founded in , Rubin played its first-ever top flight season in and it has remained there ever since, winning the Russian Premier League championship in and The club also won the —12 Russian Cup and has been a regular in European competition in recent seasons, the team plays in the Kazan Arena.
The mayor of Kazan at the time, Kamil Iskhakov, purchased the team in , Rubin won the Second Division in and was promoted back to the First Division the following season. The next four seasons, the team finished above 8th place. The team faced a setback in the campaign finishing in 10th place.
The year of came, and the team formed a part of Class B of USSR Championship, because of successful game, again a team of masters appeared in the city. In comparison with previous season much more goals were scored and less balls were missed, two footballers — a defender Viktor Surkov and a goalkeeper Ilyas Galimov — were included into the list of RSFSR National Squad 9. In the s the team acquired a number of players that would help them begin their ascent out of the Russian Second Division, in , the team finished 2nd in the division, just falling short of promotion to the Russian First Division.
In , Tomsk finally achieved a significant goal when they advanced to the First Division with a strong season, however, the team had a long way to go before they would make another run on a division title.
Following promotion, the team acquired a number of new players including Sergei Zhukov, Andrei Talalaev, however, Tomsk suffered a blow when their newly privatised sponsor, Eastern Oil Company pulled out and left the team with no sponsor. At this point, advancement was a dream with survival in the tougher division becoming a priority. It was at point that the team also had to upgrade their stadium to new standards of the league.
The team played middling football for years until the arrival of a new sponsor brought in much-needed funds and allowed the team to acquire new players.